Influences on Energy Savings by Heavy Trucks Using Cooperative ACC

Paper #:
  • 2018-01-1181

Published:
  • 2018-04-03
Abstract:
An integrated adaptive cruise control (ACC) and cooperative ACC (CACC) was implemented and tested on three heavy-duty tractor-trailer trucks on a closed test track. The first truck was always in ACC mode and the followers were in CACC mode, using wireless vehicle-vehicle communication to augment their radar sensor data to enable safe and accurate vehicle following at short gaps. The fuel consumption for each truck in the CACC platoon was measured using the SAE J1321 procedure while travelling at 65 mph and loaded to a gross weight of 65,000 lb, demonstrating the effects of: inter-vehicle gaps (ranging from 3.0s or 87m to 0.14s or 4m, covering a much wider range than previously reported tests), cut-in and cut-out maneuvers by other vehicles, speed variations, the use of mis-matched vehicles (standard trailers mixed with aerodynamic trailers with boat tails and side skirts), and the presence of a passenger vehicle ahead of the platoon. The results showed that energy savings generally increased in a nonlinear fashion as the gap was reduced. The middle truck saved the most fuel at gaps shorter than 12 m and the trailing truck saved the most at longer gaps, while lead truck saved the least at all gaps. The cut-in and cut-out maneuvers had only a marginal effect on fuel consumption even when repeated every two miles. The presence of passenger-vehicle traffic had a measurable impact on the fuel use of a single truck and on a platoon. Fuel consumption was also analyzed based on fuel injector data from the J-1939 bus to distinguish between operations on straight and curved sections of the test track using the yaw rate sensor measurement. The fuel consumption saving due to aerodynamic drag reduction on the curves was less than on the straight sections.
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