CAE Method for Linking Electrochemical Li-Ion Models into Integrated System-Level Models of Electrified Vehicles

Paper #:
  • 2018-01-1414

Published:
  • 2018-04-03
Abstract:
Historically, electrical-equivalent modeling of battery systems has been the preferred approach of engineers when modeling hybrid and electric vehicles at the system level. This approach has provided modeling engineers good boundary conditions for batteries, with accurate terminal voltage and state of charge calculations; however, it fails to provide insight into the electrochemical processes taking place in their Li-ion cells, necessary to optimize control algorithms and predict aging mechanisms within the battery. In addition, the use of battery models that simulate electrochemical mechanisms empowers engineers with the ability to predict the performance of the cell beyond the conditions at which the battery has been tested. Thus battery testing and characterization effort is reduced significantly without compromising results accuracy. This paper proposes a method of linking electrochemical Li-ion models of battery systems with multi-domain (electrical, mechanical, thermal, and flow domains) system-level models of hybrid and battery electric vehicles. The resulting co-simulation technology provides accurate battery state and performance prediction at minor additional computation cost and links battery design parameters with vehicle performance and energy management analysis.
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