On-Board Hydrogen Generator for a Partial Hydrogen Injection Internal Combustion Engine

Paper #:
  • 740600

Published:
  • 1974-02-01
DOI:
  • 10.4271/740600
Citation:
Houseman, J. and Cerini, D., "On-Board Hydrogen Generator for a Partial Hydrogen Injection Internal Combustion Engine," SAE Technical Paper 740600, 1974, doi:10.4271/740600.
Pages:
16
Abstract:
A compact onboard hydrogen generator has been developed for use with a hydrogen-enriched gasoline internal combustion engine. The unit uses gasoline and air in a partial oxidation reactor to produce a gaseous product containing hydrogen, carbon monoxide, minor amounts of methane, carbon dioxide and water, and nitrogen. A study of the theoretical equilibrium product composition has indicated an optimum operating point at an air/fuel ratio of 5.15, where a hydrogen/fuel mass ratio of 0.136 can be obtained under soot-free conditions. This is based on a gasoline with an atomic hydrogen to carbon ratio of 1.92.Both thermal and catalytic reactors have been tested. The thermal unit requires a reaction temperature of 2400°F to obtain 80% of the theoretical hydrogen yield. Soot formation tends to be a problem. The catalytic reactor yields close to theoretical yields at an operating temperature of 1800°F without any soot formation. A commercial nickel catalyst is used. A 100 h test with the catalytic unit showed no signs of performance degradation, using fully leaded Indolene 30.The calculated effect of hydrogen generator operating conditions on the fuel efficiency of a generator/engine combination is presented.
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