Analysis of Potential Improvements in Engine Behavior Due to Ceramic Valve Train Components

Paper #:
  • 900452

Published:
  • 1990-02-01
Citation:
Southam, R., Reinicke-Murmann, J., Kreuter, P., and Rogers, G., "Analysis of Potential Improvements in Engine Behavior Due to Ceramic Valve Train Components," SAE Technical Paper 900452, 1990, https://doi.org/10.4271/900452.
Pages:
12
Abstract:
Potential improvements in spark ignited engine performance gained through the application of ceramic valve train components were predicted using state-of-the-art valve train simulation and gas exchange computer programs. The use of ceramic valves, ceramic pushrods, and ceramic hydraulic tappet housings, in combination with modified valve spring and valve lift parameters, were analyzed for a 2.8L overhead valve V-6 engine.The results show that significant improvements in dynamic valve train behavior and engine performance are possible with the largest gains coming from the use of ceramic valves. Potential improvements in valve train dynamics include: a 20% increase in maximum engine speed; a 30% reduction in the maximum valve train forces; and a 30% reduction in valve train friction. These benefits can then be used to either improve fuel economy, high speed engine power or low speed torque by up to 5%.
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