Fridley, C., "Paint Film Laminate Technology Provides Painted Thermoplastic Parts Without VOC Issues," SAE Technical Paper 902231, 1990, doi:10.4271/902231.
Exterior durable paint can be applied to thermoplastic sheet via film lamination techniques. The thermoplastic sheet can be, subsequently, vacuum thermoformed into the final part and trimmed. The part is then ready for assembly without the problems of spray painting. Fairings and bumpers have been produced by this method. For injection molded parts, a painted preform can be insert molded providing a painted part ready for assembly. The film laminate provides superior weatherability and fade resistance compared to “weatherable plastics”. It also provides outstanding resistance to gasoline, oils, acids and bases. Solid colors, metallics and graphic patterns can be produced.