Lower Extremity Injuries in Frontal Crashes: Injuries, Locations, AIS and Contacts

Paper #:
  • 910811

Published:
  • 1991-02-01
Citation:
Huelke, D., Compton, T., and Compton, C., "Lower Extremity Injuries in Frontal Crashes: Injuries, Locations, AIS and Contacts," SAE Technical Paper 910811, 1991, https://doi.org/10.4271/910811.
Pages:
6
Abstract:
Frontal crashes (11-1 o'clock) were reviewed from the National Accident Severity Study file (NASS) for years 1980-87. Adult drivers and front right passengers, with lower extremity injuries of the pelvis, thigh, knee, leg or ankle/foot were reviewed. Analysis of age differences, injury contacts, and effectiveness of the 3-point restraint system were studied. Unrestrained drivers have a higher frequency of knee injuries than passengers, fewer leg injuries than passengers and both have the same frequency of ankle/foot injuries. Older unbelted drivers have more injuries to the pelvis, leg, and ankle/foot region than do young drivers. Passengers have more leg injuries. The instrument panel is the major contact for most of the lower extremity injuries. Lap/shoulder belts significantly reduce lower extremity injury frequency.
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