A Visualized Study for the Effect of Swirl Strength on SI Engine Combustion Characteristics

Paper #:
  • 912455

Published:
  • 1991-11-01
Affiliated:
Pages:
8
Abstract:
Tests were performed in an actual engine with swirl and without to understand charge swirl effect for an 1.5l, 4-cyl and 4-stroke SI engine. Swirling inlet flow resulted in the improvement of the engine performance at engine speed of up to 4,000rpm, however, it was reversed at higher engine speed, compared with that of ordinary non-swirling case.Additionally, a single shot visualized engine driven by a rapid compression expansion machine was built separately to inspect the swirl effect on combustion process. In the visualization study, stoichiometric LPG -air mixture was used at three different levels of swirl strength, where the equivalent engine speed was set at 1500, 2500 and 3500 rpm and taken by shadowgraph technique with a high speed camera. A visualized tests supported the combustion rate increasing phenomena excited by swirl by observations on equivalent flame radii and, also, by energy release fractions and cyclic variations.
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