Mathematical Modeling of the Hybrid III Dummy Chest with Chest Foam

Paper #:
  • 912892

Published:
  • 1991-10-01
Citation:
Lasry, D., Hoffmann, R., Yang, K., and Pan, H., "Mathematical Modeling of the Hybrid III Dummy Chest with Chest Foam," SAE Technical Paper 912892, 1991, https://doi.org/10.4271/912892.
Pages:
8
Abstract:
A nonlinear foam was added to a previously created three-dimensional finite element model of the Hybrid III dummy chest which consisted of six steel ribs, rib damping material, the sternum, a spine box and a pendulum. Two standard calibration pendulum impact tests for a Hybrid III dummy chest were used to validate the new model. An explicit finite element analysis code PAM-CRASH was utilized to simulate the dynamic process. At impact velocities of 6.7 m/s and 4.3 m/s, the force and deflection time history as well as the force-deflection plots showed good agreement between model predictions and calibration data. Peak strains also agreed well with experimental data.
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