In order to realize higher response and lower emissions for 4-valve engines, TOYOTA has researched ways to homogenize the air-fuel mixture in the combustion chamber as well as to reduce intake port wall-wetting. To achieve these items we have developed an air-assisted type two-hole injector (air-assisted injector) system which has improved both fuel atomization and spray directions. This system has been introduced to a 3Liter V-6 passenger car engine and mass produced.The air-assisted injector atomizes the fuel by causing the air to collide and mix with the fuel. In order to obtain the air needed for atomization under all driving conditions, including idling, a new type idling speed control valve (ISCV) which has two air outlet passages has been developed. By means of this new ISCV, the new air-assisted injector system improves both fuel atomization and engine idling speed control during cold and hot engine conditions. This new system reduces hydrocarbon emissions, improves transient driveability and improves idling performances as a result of magnifying the area of fuel atomization.