Separation efficiency, contaminant capacity and operating power consumption are the three major factors in determining the performance of any separator. For an ideal separator, all unwanted material should be removed from the process fluid. In addition, the ideal separator must hold an infinite amount of separated contaminant and consume no power. Unfortunately, such an ideal separator is impossible to attain under the current laws of physics. However, the technology presented here represents a major step closer to these objectives.This paper introduces a new concept, orbital separation, for achieving high performance gas, liquid and solid separation. Orbital separation has nearly unlimited contaminant capacity and requires only a fraction of the input power required by other separation techniques. In this paper, the general principles of filtration and separation mechanics are reviewed. The orbital separation concepts are discussed and illustrated. Experimental results obtained from prototype orbital separators are presented. The data presented in this paper delineates and validates the unique features of orbital separation.