The intent of this paper will be to address the level of performance and cost of the various complex instruction set computers (CISC-80X86) versus the reduced instruction set computers (RISC). The original concept of reduced instruction set computers will be explained. The above information will be contrasted with how the second generation system functions. Once the operations are established, a discussion of operating performance as related to several types of benchmarks will be cited. A typical FEA model will be used as the final benchmark to determine realistic performance versus speed (wall clock time). The final comparison will be of cost.