Zinc Dialkyldithiophosphate-Dispersant Interactions: Effects on Solution Behavior and Wear

Paper #:
  • 922282

Published:
  • 1992-10-01
Citation:
Kulp, M., Gundic, D., Hanna, M., and Fabian, L., "Zinc Dialkyldithiophosphate-Dispersant Interactions: Effects on Solution Behavior and Wear," SAE Technical Paper 922282, 1992, https://doi.org/10.4271/922282.
Pages:
11
Abstract:
Interactions between a Zinc dialkyldithiophosphate (ZDP) and three different commercially available succinimide dispersants were observed through changes in solutions behavior, as determined by viscometry and Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and four-ball tests.The viscometric response observed for two component blends of ZDP and succinimide dispersant in white oil changed as a function of the molar Zn to N ratio, indicative of specific interactions. The break in the viscometric response curve occurred at Zn:N=0.13 for all three succinimide dispersants. FTIR spectra of the same ZDP-dispersant blends were examined and similar Zn:N dependencies were observed.Four-ball tests measuring wear scar diameter, seizure load and weld load showed a dependence on the Zn to N ratio similar to that observed by viscometry. At very low Zn to N ratios wear and seizure load were decreased, while at higher ratios the seizure and weld loads were increased over that for ZDP alone. These studies show that either ZDP-dispersant complexation and/or competition between the ZDP and the dispersant for the metal surface affects wear as measured by the four-ball test.
Access
Now
SAE MOBILUS Subscriber? You may already have access.
Buy
Select
Price
List
Download
$27.00
Mail
$27.00
Members save up to 40% off list price.
Share
HTML for Linking to Page
Page URL

Related Items

Technical Paper / Journal Article
2010-10-25
Standard
2010-03-02
Article
2017-03-13