SP-100 Initial Startup and Restart Control Strategy

Paper #:
  • 929231

  • 1992-08-03
Halfen, F., Wong, K., Switick, D., and Shukla, J., "SP-100 Initial Startup and Restart Control Strategy," SAE Technical Paper 929231, 1992, https://doi.org/10.4271/929231.
Recent Generic Flight System (GFS) updates have necessitated revisions in the initial startup and restart control strategies. The design changes that have had the most impact on the control strategies are the addition of the Auxiliary Cooling and Thaw (ACT) system for preheating the lithium filled components, changes in the reactivity worths of the reflectors and safety-rods such that initial cold criticality is achieved with only a small amount of reflector movement following the withdrawal of the safety-rods, and the removal of the scram function from the reflectors.Revised control and operating strategies have been developed and tested using the SP-100 dynamic simulation model, ARIES-GFS. The change in the total reactivity worths of the reflectors and safety-rods has eliminated the need for the use of fast and slow reflector drive speeds during the initial on-orbit approach to criticality. The relatively fast removal of the safety-rods results in a near-critical condition so that the use of slow moving (single speed) reflector drives does not add significant time to achieve full power for the initial startup. The use of the ACT system (with its NaK trace-lines for preheating and auxiliary cooling) affects the main Thermoelectic Electro-Magnetic (TEM) pump startup and the time after a shutdown before freezing occurs in the main heat transfer systems. The control strategies developed provide a simpler and more robust control system that fully meets GFS performance requirements, compared to that presented at the System Design Review.
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