This paper describes the investigation of the mechanisms of engine front noise generation and the corresponding countermeasures employed in the development of Hino's medium duty diesel engine.The engine front noise, which had a noise peak in the 630 Hz 1/3 octave band, was investigated by experiment and it was concluded that there were two mechanisms as follows: 1) Combustion pressure excites the crankshaft. Noise is generated by the crankshaft pulley which vibrates with the crankshaft system mode shapes. 2) The cavity between the torsional damper and the timing gear case resonates as a result of the vibration of the torsional damper. Noise caused by the acoustic resonance is emitted to the front of the engine. Using both experimental and analytical methods, crankshaft vibration and acoustic resonance were reduced, thus yielding a substantial noise reduction.