Material Circulations in a Closed System

Paper #:
  • 932289

Published:
  • 1993-07-01
Citation:
Ashida, A. and Nitta, K., "Material Circulations in a Closed System," SAE Technical Paper 932289, 1993, https://doi.org/10.4271/932289.
Pages:
8
Abstract:
Materials circulating in a closed ecological system are classified as metabolic ones and nonmetabolic ones. Nonmetabolic substances relate to environment constituents and cultural activities. Treatment of these materials are discussed from a view point of CELSS concept. The closed system, CEEF, will be constructed in Japan in the near future. CEEF is an experiment facility with processing capacity of two adult persons, consisting of a plant module, an animal module, a habitat module and supporting facilities for the three modules. The supporting facilities are composed of artificial processors of gases, waters and wastes. The plant module has artificial and natural lighting cultivating sections.
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