A New Class of Smart Automotive Active Suspensions Using Piezoceramic Actuation

Paper #:
  • 950588

Published:
  • 1995-02-01
Citation:
Thirupathi, S. and Naganathan, N., "A New Class of Smart Automotive Active Suspensions Using Piezoceramic Actuation," SAE Technical Paper 950588, 1995, https://doi.org/10.4271/950588.
Pages:
13
Abstract:
Active suspension for automobiles involves an active control of wheel motions. This work investigates the possibility of realizing controlled wheel motion for an active suspension using a class of smart materials, namely piezoceramics. The proposed concept deviates significantly from conventional practice of using heavier, hydraulic actuators. Rather than accomplishing the wheel motion using the direct stroke of an actuator, the motion is to be realized by actively modifying the effective stiffness of the suspension system using piezoceramic sensing and actuation. Piezoceramic actuators have been typically waived as totally unacceptable for such large stroke, load carrying applications since these actuators have always been limited to micro-motion ranges. In this research, a strategic combination of elastic and piezoceramic layers is shown to have the potential to meet this challenge. Preliminary analysis and experimentation have been conducted to demonstrate the feasibility of the above concept. A candidate design is analytically investigated using composite piezoceramic suspension elements. It is shown that it piezoceramic actuation has the potential to control suspension system deflections through sufficient motion ranges necessary for this application. A prototype actuator demonstrating larger stroke actuation has also been designed, fabricated, and tested.
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