The reported investigations aimed at adopting and verifying numerical prediction methods for the determination of the efficiency of engine sound shields. An extended measurement series and parallel Boundary Element calculations were conducted on a simple engine simulator with various engine shields. The effect of the shields was expressed in terms of spatially averaged, narrow band Insertion Loss spectra. It was found that the efficiency of sound shields is determined by complex interactions between the source and its surroundings. These effects could be better understood and reasonably well predicted by using the BE method. The relative IL quantity can be calculated more accurately than the absolute sound field descriptors themselves.