Experiments were performed with a 4-stroke, natural gas fueled SI engine to investigate the effects of several parameters on engine performance under lean operating condition. A favorable effect of charge swirl on stable lean burn operation was observed at a conventional compression ratio. There was an optimum EGR rate which gave a substantial reduction in NOx emissions with minor penalties in efficiency and UHC emissions. Marginal improvement was noticed with lean operations in a long spark duration ignition system. The flame jet ignition system displayed noticeable capability in extending the lean limit. In addition, shadowgraph visualization tests were performed for combustion diagnostic purposes.