This paper presents an optical method for evaluating residual stresses. The approach is based on measuring the deformation due to the relief of stress produced by a blind-hole drilling technique. The deformation is rapidly measured by shearography. Unlike the strain gage method, this method does not require mounting strain gages /transducers. A rapid process for detection of residual stress using a micro-indentation technique is also present. The method is practical for employment in a production/field environment.