Problems of Developing Systems for Water Reclamation from Urine for Perspective Space Stations

Paper #:
  • 961409

Published:
  • 1996-07-01
Citation:
Samsonov, N., Bobe, L., Novikov, V., Pinsky, B. et al., "Problems of Developing Systems for Water Reclamation from Urine for Perspective Space Stations," SAE Technical Paper 961409, 1996, https://doi.org/10.4271/961409.
Pages:
7
Abstract:
The paper deals with possible performance enhancement of the system for water reclamation from urine based on a principle of atmospheric distillation. It is shown by way of example using the system operating on Mir that the introduction of heat energy recuperation, an increase in heat-and-mass transfer efficiency on evaporation and the optimization of the air flowrate in the distillation cycle allow a rise in the capacity of the distillation assembly and a reduction in specific energy. The system outfitted with a rotary evaporator/separator and a thermoelectric heat pump is reviewed.The design and experimental data verify the feasibility and benefits of the system updating.
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