The market acceptance of vehicles with compression ignition engines is dictated by many factors. The most important are: driving properties, total life cycle costs, noise emission, pollution emissions, availability of the fuel, service possibility, and country specific regulations. The availability of the suitable high tech components is also a dominating factor.The influencing factors depend also on the vehicle concept and vehicle application.The author describes the influencing factors for most vehicle applications: 1.) Ships 2.) Locomotives 3.) Heavy duty trucks 4.) Medium duty trucks 5.) Light duty trucks 6.) Utility vehicles 7.) Passenger cars The development trends for the future will very much depend on fuel availability, international harmonization of regulations, certification procedures, fuel taxation and standards for all world markets.According to the presented data, the author describes the present situation and presents his view for the future development.