Comparative Studies on the Idling Performance of a Three Cylinder Passenger Car Engine Fitted with a Carburettor and a Single Point Electronic Gasoline Fuel Injection System

Paper #:
  • 971615

Published:
  • 1997-05-01
Citation:
Khatri, D., Ramesh, A., and Babu, M., "Comparative Studies on the Idling Performance of a Three Cylinder Passenger Car Engine Fitted with a Carburettor and a Single Point Electronic Gasoline Fuel Injection System," SAE Technical Paper 971615, 1997, https://doi.org/10.4271/971615.
Pages:
12
Abstract:
Experimental investigations relating to the performance and emission characteristics under idling conditions of a three cylinder passenger car spark ignition engine operating on a conventional carburettor and a developed single point gasoline fuel injection system are described in this paper.The idling performance at different engine speeds was studied by carrying out comprehensive engine testing on a test bed in two phases. In the first phase, experiments were conducted on an engine fitted with a conventional carburettor whilst they were extended to the engine provided with a developed electronic single point fuel injection (SPI) system, whose fuel spray was directed against the direction of air flow. The injection timing of the SPI system was varied from 82 deg. before inlet valve opening (or 98 deg. before top dead center) to 42 deg. after inlet valve opening (or 26 deg. after top dead center). An injection timing of 42 deg. before inlet valve opening (or 58 deg. before top dead center) was observed to be optimum.As compared to the carburettor version, SPI system operation under idling conditions resulted in :- 1Lower cylinder to cylinder variation in mixture strength. 2Less cyclic variations. 3Stable operation under a leaner air fuel ratio. 4Improved fuel consumption. 5Lower level of carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon emissions.
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