Steam Gasification and Reformation of Spacecraft Wastes

Paper #:
  • 972273

Published:
  • 1997-07-01
Citation:
Couch, H., Birbara, P., and Grin, W., "Steam Gasification and Reformation of Spacecraft Wastes," SAE Technical Paper 972273, 1997, https://doi.org/10.4271/972273.
Pages:
13
Abstract:
A two-stage steam gasification and reforming process was evaluated for converting wastes generated within enclosed habitable environments into synthesis gas (CO & H2) and other recyclable inorganic species, i.e. water, CO2 and inorganic salts. Waste compounds used in the experimentation included: cellulose; urea; methionine; sucrose; butyric acid; Igepon TC-42 - a particularly (chemically) stable soap selected by NASA for use in space life support systems; wheat straw and a high density polyethylene. The compounds were tested individually and in combination to simulate the wastes anticipated within enclosed habitat environments.
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