A successful methodology was developed at Boeing Company to investigate hot-gas ingestion in vertical take-off and landing aircraft. It involves sub-scale model testing using specialized test facilities and test techniques. The baseline characteristics of hot-gas ingestion (HGI) and the performance of various HGI reduction techniques were qualitatively evaluated in the Boeing Hover Research Facility. Potential HGI reduction devices were then further tested at scaled pressures and temperatures in HGI facilities at NASA Lewis, Rolls Royce and British Aerospace. One of the successful HGI reduction devices was flight tested. This paper describes the application of Boeing HGI reduction methodology to three specific aircraft configurations.