Evaluation of 5th Percentile Female Hybrid III Thoracic Biofidelity during Out-of-Position Tests with a Driver Air Bag

Paper #:
  • 980636

Published:
  • 1998-02-23
Citation:
Crandall, J., Bass, C., Duma, S., and Kuppa, S., "Evaluation of 5th Percentile Female Hybrid III Thoracic Biofidelity during Out-of-Position Tests with a Driver Air Bag," SAE Technical Paper 980636, 1998, https://doi.org/10.4271/980636.
Pages:
10
Abstract:
This paper evaluates the biofidelity of the Hybrid III 5th percentile female dummy relative to seven small female cadavers tested as out-of-position drivers in static air bag deployment tests. In the out-of-position tests, the chest was positioned against the air bag module in an effort to recreate a worst-case loading environment for the thorax. Two pre-depowered production air bags and a prototype dual-stage air bag were evaluated. Thoracic accelerometers and chestbands were used to compare chest compression, velocity, acceleration, and Viscous Criteria. A statistical comparison of dummy and cadaver results indicate acceptable biofidelity of the Hybrid III dummy with significant differences observed only in the Viscous Criteria.
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