In order to support effective recycling of resources in a bioregenerative life support system (BLSS), the processing of inedible agricultural wastes into edible food products must be included. The process of converting agricultural waste into usable food resources is called secondary food production. Secondary food production offers a way to reclaim part of the energy and nutrients already sunk in inedible biomass, thus increasing the efficiency of the BLSS and crop harvest index. However, multi-step processes and lower yields and acceptability have made some secondary food production processes in the past problematic and costly. This paper presents preliminary process descriptions for secondary food products which are likely to be cost effective and well accepted: sugar syrup prepared from biomass hydrolysate, single cell oil produced from biomass hydrolysate, and Pleurotus mushroom fruit bodies grown on recalcitrant biomass and unused substrate.