Legislation world-wide has made it necessary to find ways to control the level of engine emissions and reduce the damage to our environment. Increasing restrictions have made the elimination of zinc dithiophosphates from crankcase oils and increasing the effectiveness of catalytic converters viable options. Lead and phosphorus containing compounds in the exhaust are known catalyst poisons that shorten the life of current automotive catalysts. Unleaded fuel has successfully resulted in a reduction of harmful emissions due to the fuel. Current government and industry research is actively pursuing replacement of phosphorus additives with phosphorus free additives. Several phosphorus-free oils were developed and are evaluated in bench tests in this study. Test comparisons with phosphorus- containing oils demonstrated satisfactory oxidation stability and wear performance of the phosphorus free oils.