Pottinger, M., Pottinger, D., Pelz, W., Winkler, C. et al., "Force and Moment Properties of a Small Sample of Tire Specifications: Drive, Steer, and Trailer with Evolution from New to Naturally Worn-Out to Retreaded Considered," SAE Technical Paper 982748, 1998, https://doi.org/10.4271/982748.
The free-rolling cornering, straight-line braking, and pull force properties of a small sample of tire specifications is examined. This is done to examine potential differences between the specifications and the statistics of force and moment measurements. Two steer axle specifications, two drive axle specifications, and a trailer specification are considered, In addition, the evolution of properties for one drive axle specification is followed from new to naturally worn-out to retreaded. The summarized data is available from SAE Cooperative Research on electronic media.