Development of an Out-of-Plane Flexible Ring Tire Model Compared with Commercial FTire® Via Virtual Cleat Tests
Abstract In this paper, based on our previously preliminary out-of-plane tire model, a complete out-of-plane flexible tire model is further developed by considering the variation of dimension and parameter values among different slices of the tire model. This tire model is validated via various MSC ADAMS® FTire virtual cleat tests. Especially, the cleat tests with non-zero tire camber angles and non-symmetric cleat shapes, which can better capture the out-of-plane tire properties, are included. By comparing the predicted results of the proposed tire model with FTire for various cleat tests, it shows that the complete out-of-plane flexible ring tire model is better at fully representing the actual tire properties for some complicated cleat testing scenarios.