Research on Measurement Method of Road Gradient and Altitude by On-Road Driving
Exhaust emissions from a vehicle under road driving condition is affected by the control state of ECU (Engine Control Unit). This control state highly depends on the driving force of the vehicle. The driving force is nearly equal to the driving resistance, which is the sum of the acceleration resistance, the air resistance, the rolling resistance and the gradient resistance. Although it is essential to take an accurate measurement of the road gradient, it is quite difficult to evaluate the gradient resistance in testing on-road driving. In this study, the measurement methods of the road gradient and the altitude with GPS, gyro sensor and height sensor are reported. The road gradient under the on-road driving condition is evaluated by the combination of measuring the pitch angle with the gyro sensor and measuring the vehicle gradient with the two height sensors. Verifying of this method, the altitude of the driving test route is also evaluated.